I know that anyone who has spent any time whatsoever debating theists has had this feeling, that the two of you are really speaking two completely different languages. What you say makes no sense whatsoever to the theist and what the theist says makes absolutely no sense to you. No matter how much you clarify, no matter how much you explain, the results are never any different.
I ended up having a debate with a pair of Christians on Twitter. Yes, I know that’s a waste of effort, even at the best of times, but I’m crazy and with the use of services like TwitLonger, it’s not so bad. We were debating the Kalam Cosmological Argument and I was pointing out the clear and distinct problems with it. The theists who were tag-teaming on the other end of the line were just standing there blank-faced, like they couldn’t comprehend a word coming out of my mouth.
They thought that clearly, the existence of an uncaused cause, which they simply assumed existed, automatically translated into the Biblical God in a single step and no one could possibly argue any of it. I’m not going to get into the same things I’ve said about the unnecessary nature of an uncaused cause, that’s already been said, I will, however, address their secondary claims.
They want to think that some vague “uncaused cause” will magically transform itself into the specific version of the Christian God that they favor with a snap of the fingers. However, there are a lot of steps that need to be taken from “there is an uncaused cause” to “it was the Christian God”. Let’s take this step by step.
1. There are no possible characteristics that can be meaningfully applied to an uncaused cause, no matter how hard theists try. There is nothing that we can really tell about such a cause by just examining it’s creation because we can’t even be certain if the creation was on purpose or an accident. There are lots of things that kick off other processes in our own universe that were not remotely planned. Life on our planet, for example, was not started by any intelligent agent, no matter what theists want to believe. It was a wholly natural process, moderated by natural laws, which resulted in us. We can tell nothing about the initiating factor of biological evolution on Earth by looking only at ourselves, certainly there’s no reason to think that said initiating factor wanted us to evolve, cared about us, had any set of personal characteristics we can discern, etc. Those first few chemicals which combined in such a way to cross the line from non-life to life are fundamentally lacking the kinds of characteristics theists demand for their uncaused cause. I see no means to leap to the next step.
2. Assuming, for the sake of argument, that the first step could be successfully accomplished, the next thing theists would have to do is demonstrate that the uncaused cause was somehow alive, sentient and purposeful in it’s generation of the Big Bang. It must be demonstrated that it wanted to create something, even if it wasn’t aware that an entire universe might be the result. Scientists have been talking for a couple of years now about generating a mini-Big-Bang and creating a pocket universe that they can study. There have been attempts to do it virtually, but some scientists want to do it for real. That is essentially what theists would need to do in order to demonstrate this step, we know the scientists are alive, we know they are intelligent and we know that they have a plan to generate a new universe through their experiments. Since the last step seemingly cannot be achieved, I give no hope for them to also accomplish this one.
3. If theists manage to get to this step, having proven that the uncaused cause both exists and intended to create our universe as a conscious effort, next we need them to demonstrate that this cause is actually a god. First, of course, they’d need to define what they mean by “god”, an eternal problem for religion. Would the scientists in the previous point count? Or does a god have to be supernatural? What is supernatural? How do we determine it actually exists? There is an easy way out for theists, they could simply define anything that exists outside of the natural laws of our universe as “supernatural”. Of course, if there are other universes out there, it means that, to them, everything in our universe is supernatural by definition and I don’t think that’s what theists had in mind. So assuming they could come up with a cohesive explanation of what a god is, how it operates, what it can do, etc., they might have some hope. I’m not holding my breath though.
4. Finally, they’d need to take a leap beyond the uncaused cause just being a god to it being the specific God that they believe in. In most cases, this would be some form of the Christian deity, but I suppose we could apply it to any religion that wants to weigh in. So how would they do so? To being with, there’s an inherent problem with the whole process, since the Christian God is really just a made-up character in a book. How do we really determine what characteristics this entity really ought to have when most Christians don’t even agree? Further, how do we know that what Christians worship as God is really God? Maybe it’s really Vishnu and they’re getting the name wrong? After all, it’s highly unlikely that the religion that sprung up around the worship of any particular deity was actually guided by the will and wishes of that particular deity. Maybe Christians are horribly mistaken and the deity they’ve been calling God all these years really isn’t God, it’s someone else and it’s pissed. How can we tell?
Let’s be honest, apologists take what are really very shallow arguments, and the Kalam Cosmological Argument might be one of the shallowest, and try to make points without understanding the actual problems inherent within their claims. I’ve pointed out just a few serious issues, yet the theists I debated didn’t want to hear any of them. They just weren’t interested. It’s an unfortunate fact that faith and logic don’t play well together and one only has to talk to a theist, while thinking logically through each and every step of their arguments, to see that for yourself.
Apologetics fail, not because they’re a rational means of discovering truth about the world around us, certainly they’re anything but. They fail because they are a means of working toward a preconceived conclusion and only looking so far as a few shallow, ill-defined markers along the road to keep the faithful on the path. The faithful want them to be true so they don’t look too closely. The skeptical among us, however, suffer from no such preconceived notions. That’s why apologetics will probably never convince a skeptic, the skeptic doesn’t have any reason to skip merrily down the path to the end goal.